While it was once considered a nuisance of adolescence, acne is now recognized as a diagnosable and treatable skin condition.
To better understand and manage acne in individuals of all ages, it’s important to be aware of its causes, symptoms, and therapeutic options.
What Is Acne?
Acne is the formation of a blemishes due to an infection or blockage of the pores. It can present as a blackhead, whitehead, papule, pustule (pimples), cyst, or nodule.
If left untreated, acne may result in hyperpigmentation and scars even after a blemish heals, Additionally, acne can have psychological effects on its sufferers and lead to lowered self-esteem and depression.
Who Gets Acne?
A patient of any age or gender can get acne. It can appear on the face, neck, chest, shoulders, back, and buttocks.
Patients may be more likely to experience this skin condition during puberty, but many adults experience the onset of acne in their 20s, 30s, and 40s.
Dead skin cells, sebum oil, and p. acne bacteria can all clog pores and result in acne. Certain individuals may be more prone to acne due to genetics, hormonal changes, lifestyle, and skincare regimen.
However, it is often difficult to determine the exact cause of acne, and patients may need to try different treatments and modifications to improve it
Acne can be diagnosed by our medical professionals and is graded on a scale of one (mild) to four (severe). Over-the-counter products containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid are often recommended for blackheads, whiteheads, papules, and pustules.
Cysts and nodules may require the application of topical medication containing antibiotics, retinoid, benzoyl peroxide, or salicylic acid. These washes, creams, gels, and ointments are applied directly to the skin and can reduce bacteria and oil.
Oral medication may be prescribed for severe cases of acne in the form of antibiotics, birth control pills, and isotretinoin. It may take four-to-eight weeks to notice improvement from any over-the-counter, topical, or oral medications.
Lasers, chemical peels, light-therapies, drainage and extraction, and steroid injections can also be used to treat acne in a dermatologist’s office.
To learn more about acne and treatment options, please call our office today to schedule an appointment.