Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that can cause physical, cosmetic, and psychological distress.
Some individuals may have mild redness and flushing, while others can experience acne-like bumps, skin thickening, and eye irritation.
Fortunately, many patients respond well to treatment and can learn to effectively manage their triggers.
What Is Rosacea?
Rosacea usually affects the forehead, cheeks, nose, and chin, and it can wax and wane with periods of flare-ups and remission. This condition usually presents during adulthood and is more common in women, but more severe in men.
Symptoms can evolve over time, and redness may get ruddier and some patients even encounter ocular rosacea (affecting the eyes) and rhinophyma (thickening and swelling of the nose).
What Causes Rosacea?
While there is no known cause of rosacea, it can be influenced by a variety of factors. Research reveals that systemic inflammation, immune system responses, and an increased number of skin mites may contribute to the disease.
In addition, rosacea often runs in families, suggesting a strong genetic component.
Clinical Presentation of Rosacea
Persistent redness that may look like a sunburn or blushing is a hallmark sign of rosacea. Patients may also note the development of acne-like bumps, visible blood vessels and experience burning, stinging, or dry skin.
Ocular rosacea affects nearly 50 percent of sufferers, with eyes appearing watery, bloodshot, swollen, and red. Some individuals report a grainy feeling as though a foreign particle is stuck inside the eye.
A rarer manifestation is thickening of the skin and enlargement of the nose. If severe, it can impact nasal airways and become a significant cosmetic concern.
Many physicians recommend identifying and avoiding objects and circumstances that trigger rosacea flare-ups.
In addition, a gentle skincare regimen can also reduce symptoms. Patients should pat their face dry after washing with a mild-cleanser, use fragrance and alcohol-free products, and wear a daily broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least a 30 SPF.
Topical creams and oral medications can also be prescribed, and some rosacea responds well to lasers and light-based therapies.
For additional information about rosacea and treatment options, please call our office today to schedule an appointment.